Saturday after the Sixteenth Sunday after Pentecost.

St. Therese, ora pro nobis.

On the Rich Man and Lazarus.

PRAYER BEFORE MEDITATION.

My God, I firmly believe that Thou art here present. I acknowledge that on account of my many sins I am utterly unworthy to appear before Thy sacred countenance. Yet, confiding in Thy infinite goodness and mercy, I venture to address Thee, to call upon Thy holy name, and meditate upon Thy commandments, in order that I may acquire a better knowledge of Thy holy will, and accomplish it with more fidelity. Wherefore enlighten my understanding that I may perceive what I ought to do or leave undone for the promotion of Thy glory and my own salvation; at the same time excite my will, that I may repent with my whole heart of my past sins, and resolve for the future to do all that Thou requirest of me. Grant me above all to know Jesus, my divine Teacher and Guide, more clearly, that I may love Him more dearly, and consequently labor, struggle and suffer with greater generosity and self-sacrifice in imitation of His example. Holy Mary, Mother of God and my Mother, show Jesus to me now, and let me study thy divine Son to the salvation of my soul. Holy Guardian Angel, keep far from me all distracting thoughts; my patron saint, come to my assistance. Amen.

On the Rich Man and Lazarus.

We read in the narrative of the Evangelist St. Luke (xvi. 14): “Now the Pharisees who were covetous heard all these things,” they heard, that is, our Lord’s warning against the unjust mammon. Instead of laying this admonition to heart, “they derided Him.” Then our Lord proceeded to speak to them of the terrible judgments that will overtake the rich man who is hardened in sin, relating to them the parable of the rich man and Lazarus the beggar. Listen in spirit to this well-known parable as it comes from our Lord’s lips, and meditate upon the truths it is intended to convey.

1st. Consider the temporal lot of the two men who form the subject of the parable. Our Lord says: “There was a certain rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen and feasted sumptuously every day.” (v. 19.) Fortunate individual! you have wealth and possessions in abundance, your apparel is rich and gorgeous, your table is provided with delicious and costly viands. How differently poor Lazarus fares! “ And there was,” our Lord continues, “a certain beggar named Lazarus, who lay at his gate, full of sores, desiring to be filled with the crumbs that fell from the rich man’s table, and no one did give him; moreover the dogs came and licked his sores.” (v. 20, 21.) Consider the words of St. Peter Chrysologus on this subject: “God so ordained that the rich man should sit at the table of the poor, and the poor man at that of the rich, in order that they might be reciprocally helpful to one another. For the disease from which the rich man suffered was that of the soul, the poor man’s that of the body. The cure of the poor man’s infirmity was delayed in order that his sores might prove the rich man’s medicine, that his lamentations might bring him to contrition, his tears induce him to do penance.” Such was God’s wise design in regard to these two men, and He is generally actuated by the same intention when He places the poor and the rich side by side on earth, that the rich may assist the poor with their temporal wealth, and the poor help the rich to obtain eternal treasures. But Dives failed to perceive God’s gracious purpose. “Lazarus was intentionally laid at the rich man’s gate,” again we quote from St. Chrysologus writings, “in order that he might not be able to say: I never saw him, no one ever told me about him. He saw him every time he went out and came in, yet he did not take compassion on him.” You are astonished at such hardness of heart, my soul, yet how common such conduct is amongst men. How often one finds people, Christian people, even those Christians who aspire to perfection, act most unfeelingly towards one another. They pass by heedlessly, especially in the case of one whose needs do not appeal strongly to the senses, or what is far more terrible, in the case of a Brother whose sufferings are of a spiritual nature. “Yet God,” St. Gregory says, “left the poor man lying at the rich man’s gate, in order that the ungodly plutocrat might increase the damnation in store for him, and the poor man, so greatly afflicted, might add to his eternal reward.”

2d. Consider the everlasting fate of the two men: “The things of time,” says St. Chrysologus, “are over and gone, what follows is of eternal duration. Lazarus and Dives both die: the former is received by the angels, the latter becomes the prey of tormentors.” For we are told: “And it came to pass that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom. The rich man also died; and he was buried in hell.” (v. 22.) O unhappy Dives! no one can help exclaiming. Whilst angels carry Lazarus into Abraham’s bosom, where, now that the few years of suffering upon earth are at end, he will enjoy everlasting repose, is it said of the rich man that he was cast into hell? No, mark this, not cast into hell, but buried in hell. St. Augustine explains the burial-place in hell as signifying the excess of torture which consumes the proud and unmerciful after this life. “And amid these tortures he lay helpless as a dead man in the tomb, enveloped in agony,” to quote St. Chrysologus again, “his eyes alone free that he might see the felicity of the poor man.” “Instead of the music of stringed instruments,” says St. Basil, “groans now resound in his ear; instead of drinking to the full he is now devoured by intolerable craving for a drop of water; instead of unseemly plays he gazes on profound darkness; instead of vain ambition, the worm that never dieth devours him.” Oh that he could once more return to earth and there become a poor despised Lazarus! Impress deeply on your mind the picture here presented to us of future retribution, and above all, the torments of hell which our Lord describes in this parable. In the season of temptation and the hour of suffering remember the rich man’s bitter lamentation: “I am tormented in this flame” (v. 24); and in connection with to-day’s meditation bear in mind these most true words of the Imitation of Christ: “The more thou sparest thyself now, and followest the flesh, the more grievously shalt thou suffer hereafter, and the more fuel dost thou lay up for the flame.” (Imit. B. i. ch. 24.)

3d. Consider that the rich man beseeches Abraham thus: “I beseech thee, father, that thou wouldst send him to my father’s house, for I have five brethren, that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torments. And Abraham said to him: “They have Moses and the prophets” – if they will not hear them” – “neither will they believe if one rise again from the dead.” (v. 27- 31.) This lost soul imagines that the best means of preventing his brothers from sharing his own awful fate, would be to send Lazarus to them. Abraham however at once assures him that it would be quite useless to do as he proposes; if they hear not Moses and the prophets, he says, neither would they hear one who was risen from the dead. How often has experience proved the truth of those words. Look at the sinners who will not listen to the preaching of the prophets, that is, of God’s ministers, and ask yourself whether the special dispensations of divine Providence make any impression upon them. Do they not see the judgments of God accomplished daily both in the case of solitary individuals and whole nations? Do they not often see their companions in sin struck down by sudden death or overtaken by some grievous calamity? But all this does not touch them. They see these things, just as in the days of Noe men saw the ark being constructed, and like them, they eat and drink, they marry and are given in marriage, until the flood comes and swallows them up in temporal and eternal death. On one who hears not Moses and the prophets, who despises the ordinary means of grace which God has appointed for him in the Church, extraordinary visitations will very rarely produce a greater effect. Alas! even the terrors of hell and of the judgment too often do not avail to break his fetters. Passions indulged hold that man captive who has turned a deaf ear to the voice of Moses and the prophets, to the warnings of the Church, to the admonitions of his Confessor or of the Superior whom God has set over him. Reflect upon this, my soul, before it is too late.

PRAYER AFTER MEDITATION.

My God, I give Thee heartfelt thanks for all the graces and all the light Thou hast conferred on me during this meditation. Pardon me all the negligence and the distractions of which I have been guilty, and give me strength to carry out the resolutions that I have made. Fortify me, that from henceforth I may diligently practise this virtue . . . avoid this fault . . . perform this action . . . to Thy honor. Help me to do this, sweet Virgin Mary; and if I ever forget my good resolutions, I entreat my Angel Guardian to recall them to my memory. Amen.

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October Devotion: The Holy Angels and the Holy Rosary.

Virtues to practice: Confidence.


Prayer to St. Michael the Archangel.

Most glorious prince of the heavenly hosts, Archangel St. Michael, defend us in the battle and in the tremendous struggle we carry on against the Principalities and Powers, against the rulers of the world of darkness and all evil spirits. Come to the help of man, whom God created immortal, fashioned to His own image and likeness, and rescued at a great price from the tyranny of the devil. With the great army of the holy angels fight to-day the battle of the Lord as thou didst of old fight against Lucifer, the leader of the proud, and his apostate angels, who were powerless against thee, and they had no longer a place in heaven; and that monster, the old serpent who is called the devil and Satan, that seduces the whole world, was cast into hell with his angels. But now that first enemy and homicide has regained his insolent boldness. Taking on the appearance of an angel of light, he has invaded the earth, and, with his whole train of evil spirits, he is prowling about among men, striving to blot out the name of God and of His Christ, to capture, to destroy, to drag to eternal perdition the souls destined to the crown of eternal glory. That malignant dragon is pouring abroad, like a foul stream, into the souls of men of ruined intellect and corrupt heart the poison of his wickedness, the spirit of lying, of impiety and blasphemy, the pestilent breath of impurity and of all vice and iniquity. Most cunning enemies have filled with bitterness and drenched with gall the Church, the Spouse of the Lamb without spot, and have lifted impious hands against all that is most sacred in it. Even in the holy place where the See of Blessed Peter and the chair of truth was set up to enlighten the world, they have raised the abominable throne of their impiety with the iniquitous hope that the Shepherd may be stricken and the flock scattered abroad. Arise, then, unconquerable Prince, defend the people of God against the assaults of the reprobate spirits, and give them the victory. Holy Church reveres thee as its guardian and patron; it glories in thee as its defender against the malignant powers of hell; to thee God has committed the souls that are to be conveyed to the seats of the Blessed in eternal happiness. Pray, then, to the God of peace, that He may put Satan under our feet, so completely vanquished that he may no longer be able to hold men in bondage and work harm to the Church. Offer up our prayers before the Most High, so that the mercies of the Lord may prevent us, and lay hold of the dragon, the old serpent, who is the devil and Satan, and hurl him bound in chains into the abyss where he may no longer seduce the souls of men. Amen.

V. Behold the Cross of the Lord, fly ye hostile ranks.
R. The Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, has conquered.
V. May Thy mercies, O Lord, be fulfilled in us.
R. As we have hoped in Thee.
V. Lord, hear my prayer.
R. And let my cry come unto Thee.

Let us pray.

O God, and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, we call upon Thy holy name and humbly beseech Thy clemency, that, through the intercession of the ever immaculate Virgin and our Mother Mary, and of the glorious Archangel Saint Michael, Thou wouldst vouchsafe to help us against Satan and all the other unclean spirits that are prowling about the world to the great peril of the human race and the loss of souls. Amen.

His Holiness, Leo XIII., Motu Proprio, September 25, 1888, granted to the faithful who recite the above prayer
AN INDULGENCE OF THREE HUNDRED DAYS, once a day.

ANTIPHON.

Sancte Michael Archangele,
defende nos in praelio,
ut non pereamus
in tremendo judicio.

Holy Archangel Michael,
defend us in battle,
that we may not perish
in the tremendous judgment.

His Holiness, Leo XIII., by a rescript of the S. Congr. of Indulgences, August 19, 1893, granted to the faithful who recite the above antiphon
AN INDULGENCE OF ONE HUNDRED DAYS, once a day.

GABRIEL, THE ARCHANGEL.
NOVENA IN HONOR OF S. GABRIEL THE ARCHANGEL.

The Sovereign Pontiff, Pius IX., by a rescript of the S. Congr. of Indulgences, Nov. 26, 1876, granted to all the faithful who, with contrite hearts, at any time during the year, devoutly make the novena in honor of S. Gabriel the archangel, with any formula of prayer, provided it be approved by competent ecclesiastical authority,
AN INDULGENCE OF THREE HUNDRED DAYS, once a day;
A PLENARY INDULGENCE, during the novena, if, truly penitent, having confessed and communicated, they pray for the intention of the Sovereign Pontiff.

RAPHAEL, THE ARCHANGEL.
NOVENA IN HONOR OF S. RAPHAEL, THE ARCHANGEL.

The Sovereign Pontiff, Pius IX., by a rescript of the S. Congr. of Indulgences, Nov. 28, 1876, granted to all the faithful who, with contrite hearts, at any time during the year, devoutly make the novena in honor of S. Raphael the archangel, with any formula of prayer, provided it be approved by competent ecclesiastical authority,
AN INDULGENCE OF THREE HUNDRED DAYS, once a day;
A PLENARY INDULGENCE, during the novena, if, truly penitent, having confessed and communicated, they pray for the intention of the Sovereign Pontiff.

PRAYER TO S. RAPHAEL, ARCHANGEL.

Glorious Archangel, S. Raphael, great prince of the heavenly court, illustrious by thy gifts of wisdom and grace, guide of travellers by land and sea, consoler of the unfortunate and refuge of sinners, I entreat thee to help me in all my needs and in all the trials of this life, as thou didst once assist the young Tobias in his journeying. And since thou art the “physician of God,” I humbly pray thee to heal my soul of its many infirmities and my body of the ills that afflict it, if this favor is for my greater good. I ask, especially, for angelic purity, that I may be made fit to be the living temple of the Holy Ghost. Amen.

His Holiness, Leo XIII., by a rescript of the S. Congr. of Indulgences, June 21, 1890, granted to the faithful who shall recite the above prayer
AN INDULGENCE OF ONE HUNDRED DAYS, once a day.

THE ANGEL GUARDIAN.
PRAYER
.

Angele Dei,
qui custos es mei,
me tibi commissum pietate superna
illumina, custodi,
rege, et guberna.Amen.

Angel of God,
my guardian dear,
To whom His love commits me here,
Ever this day be at my side,
To light and guard,
To rule and guide.
Amen.

The Sovereign Pontiff, Pius VI., by a brief, Oct. 2, 1795, granted to all the faithful, every time that, with at least contrite heart and devotion, they shall say this prayer:
AN INDULGENCE OF ONE HUNDRED DAYS.
A PLENARY INDULGENCE, on the feast of the holy guardian angels (Oct. 2), to those who shall have said this prayer, morning and evening, throughout the year, provided that, on the day of the feast, being truly penitent, after confession and communion, they shall visit a church or public oratory, and pray for the Sovereign Pontiff.
The same Sovereign Pontiff, by a rescript of the S. Congr. of Indulgences, June 11, 1796, granted:
A PLENARY INDULGENCE, at the hour of death, to all those who, during life, shall have frequently said this prayer, provided they shall have the proper dispositions.

The Sovereign Pontiff, Pius VII., by a rescript of the S. Congr. of Indulgences, May 15, 1821, not only confirmed the above mentioned indulgences, but, moreover, granted:
A PLENARY INDULGENCE, once a month, to all the faithful who shall have said it every day for a month, as above directed, on any day, when, being truly penitent, after confession and communion, they shall visit a church, and pray devoutly for the intention of his Holiness.

NOVENA IN HONOR OF THE GUARDIAN ANGEL.

The Sovereign Pontiff, Pius IX., by a rescript dated at Gaeta, Jan. 5, 1849, and by another of the S. Congr. of Bishops and Regulars, Jan. 28, 1850, granted to all the faithful who, with contrite hearts, at any time during the year, devoutly make the novena in honor of the Guardian Angel, published by the Rev. Joseph M. Falcone, of the Congregation of the Missions:
AN INDULGENCE OF ONE HUNDRED DAYS, once a day.
A PLENARY INDULGENCE, either during the novena or upon one of the eight days immediately following, if, truly penitent, they confess and communicate, and say some prayers for the holy Church and for the Sovereign Pontiff.
By a rescript of the S. Congr. of Indulgences, Nov. 26, 1876, the same Sovereign Pontiff deigned to approve that these indulgences may be gained by those who make the novena to the Guardian Angel with any other formula of prayer, provided it be approved by competent ecclesiastical authority.

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PRAYER IN HONOR OF THE NORTH AMERICAN MARTYRS

O GOD, Who by the preaching and the blood of Thy Blessed Martyrs, John and Isaac and their Companions, didst consecrate the first fruits of the faith in the vast regions of North America, graciously grant that by their intercession the flourishing harvest of Christians may be everywhere and always increased. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son Who liveth and reigneth in union with the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.

PRAYER OF PETITION

O GOD, Who didst inflame the hearts of Thy Blessed Martyrs with an admirable zeal for the salvation of souls, grant me, I beseech Thee (here make your request), so that the favors obtained through their intercession may make manifest before men the power and the glory of Thy Name. Amen.

Our Father, Hail Mary. Glory be to the Father.

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Act of Perfect Contrition
Oh my God! I am heartily sorry
for having offended Thee and
I detest all my sins because
I dread the loss of Heaven and the pains of Hell;
But most of all because I have offended Thee, My God,

Who art all-good and deserving of all my love.
I firmly resolve, with the help of Thy grace,
To confess my sins, to do penance,
And to amend my life. Amen.

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Prayers in Time of Calamity
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